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Patient reported Outcomes, postoperative Pain and Pain relief in daY case surgery

PLAN is participating in POPPY in collaboration with RAFT, a UK trainee network interested in research and quality improvement in anaesthesia and intensive care.

Study overview

The POPPY study is a national trainee led prospective multi-centre mixed methods observational cohort study investigating patient reported outcomes in quality of recovery, postoperative pain and pain relief in adults undergoing day case surgery in the UK. It will include all adult patients who are having day case surgery (excluding overnight or 23 hour stay) requiring an anaesthetist to be present for the case. The study will not include paediatric cases, diagnostic procedures (e.g. radiology, endoscopy), minimally invasive (e.g. day case cardiology procedures), obstetric procedures and ophthalmic procedures. The study being mixed methods will involve the collection and analysis of both quantitative and qualitative data.


POPPY's primary objectives are:

  • to measure the quality of recovery in the UK day case surgical population during the first postoperative week
  • to measure the prevalence of persistent post surgical pain (PPSP) and persistent postoperative opioid use (PPOU) in the UK day case surgical population

Secondary objectives include:

  • to identify the characteristics that are associated with poor quality of recovery and the development of PPSP and PPOU
  • to describe the prevalence of acute pain and analgesia use during the first postoperative week
  • to investigate the differences in quality of life between patients with and without PPSP
  • to describe the patient reported acceptability of SMS prompted long term follow-up in observational studies in anaesthesia

The aims of the qualitative part of the study are to explore the patient experience of day case surgery, acute recovery, longer term recovery and opioid use in patients experiencing PPSP.

Register today as a site lead!

The POPPY study has been registered under the NIHR associate PI scheme so this would be a fantastic opportunity to take part in research, gain a detailed first-hand experience learning about what it takes to conduct a study, and receive formal recognition for your hard work.

For more information about the study and how to register as a site lead, please visit the RAFT website.

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